References in the Ardãs :
Punj Piarey (literally : the Five Beloved/ Chosen Ones : -
In Ardãs the Sikhs remember the Punj Piarey who had offered
their lives at the call of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib an March 29, 1698
When he started Khande Di Pahul. These five were : Bhai Daya Singh,
Bhai Mohkam Singh, Bhai Sahib Singh, Bhai Dharm Singh and Bhai Himmat
singh. They had been living at Anandpur Sahib for several years and
were among the most tested confidents of Guru Sahib. Among these five
Bhai Mohkam Singh, Bhai Sahib Singh and Bhai Himmat Singh embraced
martyrdom at Chamkaur on December 7-8, 1705 and Bhai Daya Singh and
Bhai Dharam Singh died at Nander sometimes in 1708.
Chãr Sahibzade (four sons
of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib) : -
Guru Gobind Singh Sahib had four sons : Ajit Singh (26.1.1687 -
7.12.1705), Jujhar Singh (14.3.1691 - 7.12.1705), Zorawar Singh
(17.11.1696 - 12.12.1705) and Fateh Singh (27.1.1698 - 12.12.1705).
The first two embraced martyrdom in the battle of Chamkaur on December
7-8, 1705 and the younger two embraced martyrdom at Sirhind.
Chalih Muktey (the forty liberated
Ones) : -
In Ardãs the reference to Chalih Muktey seems to be to the
forty who embraced martyrdom at Chamkaur on December 7-8, 1705.
Another forty Sikhs embraced martydom at Khirdane-Di-Dhab (present
Muktsar) on December 29, 1705. They too are known as Chalih Muktey.
Guru Sahib have refered to Chalih Muktey of Chamkaur in his Zafarnamah.
-Dr Harjinder Singh Dilgeer
For detailed study, read:
Guru De Sher, published by Chatar Singh Jiwan Singh, Amritsar.
By the author and in Punjabi language.