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Some References in the Ardãs :

Punj Piarey (literally : the Five Beloved/ Chosen Ones : -
In Ardãs the Sikhs remember the Punj Piarey who had offered their lives at the call of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib an March 29, 1698 When he started Khande Di Pahul. These five were : Bhai Daya Singh, Bhai Mohkam Singh, Bhai Sahib Singh, Bhai Dharm Singh and Bhai Himmat singh. They had been living at Anandpur Sahib for several years and were among the most tested confidents of Guru Sahib. Among these five Bhai Mohkam Singh, Bhai Sahib Singh and Bhai Himmat Singh embraced martyrdom at Chamkaur on December 7-8, 1705 and Bhai Daya Singh and Bhai Dharam Singh died at Nander sometimes in 1708.

Chãr Sahibzade (four sons of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib) : -
Guru Gobind Singh Sahib had four sons : Ajit Singh (26.1.1687 - 7.12.1705), Jujhar Singh (14.3.1691 - 7.12.1705), Zorawar Singh (17.11.1696 - 12.12.1705) and Fateh Singh (27.1.1698 - 12.12.1705). The first two embraced martyrdom in the battle of Chamkaur on December 7-8, 1705 and the younger two embraced martyrdom at Sirhind.

Chalih Muktey (the forty liberated Ones) : -
In Ardãs the reference to Chalih Muktey seems to be to the forty who embraced martyrdom at Chamkaur on December 7-8, 1705. Another forty Sikhs embraced martydom at Khirdane-Di-Dhab (present Muktsar) on December 29, 1705. They too are known as Chalih Muktey. Guru Sahib have refered to Chalih Muktey of Chamkaur in his Zafarnamah.


-Dr Harjinder Singh Dilgeer


For detailed study, read:
Guru De Sher, published by Chatar Singh Jiwan Singh, Amritsar.
By the author and in Punjabi language.


© Copyright Dilgeer 2002 All Rights Reserved